Infertility occurs when there is an abnormality in the reproductive system that damaged one of the body’s basic functions: the conception of children.
A couple can be determined to be infertile if the woman is not able to conceive a child after 12 months of well-timed and unprotected sex or if she has been unable to get pregnant despite trying for one year.
Female infertility can be determined if the infertility case of a couple is related to factors associated with the condition of women rather than men. In most cases, ovulation problem is what accounts for infertility in women.
About 10% to 15% of all cases of infertility are due to ovulation problems. Irregular menstrual period or absences of menstrual period are the common signs of ovulation problem.
Some common factors, like diet, stress, or over fatigue, can also affect women’s hormonal balance.
The age of a female affects fertility. The genetic factor is also important. The eggs in the ovary of menopausal women are not strong enough to be developed and ovulated.
In such a case they are not capable of being fertilized. Genetically deficient ovaries can be barren. The ovarian follicles are unable to develop eggs for ovulation.
High levels of FSH or follicle stimulating hormones above the level of 12 mcg/ml show that the ovary may belong to a female who is menopausal or perimenopausal.
The eggs can be measured for their capability for development, ovulation, and fertility. This test is called the clomiphene citrate challenge. Fertility rates for women who fail this test are very poor.
One fertility measure is to treat with Clomid (clomiphene citrate). The Clomid subdues the level of estrogen prompting the hypothalamus to produce more gonadotropin towards the pituitary gland to compel it to produce more FSH.
If such a measure will not induce ovulation, FSH can be introduced invasively.
Donor eggs for the ovaries are also used to promote fertility. In the end lifestyle changes and medication can be used to treat ovulation irregularities and enhance fertility.