In 1994, the live birth rate in the United States was 3,952,767, or 15.2/1,000 women. The unintended pregnancy rate during the same year was 48 percent of all pregnancies. Of the unintended pregnancies, 47 percent resulted in abortion, 40 percent in live births and 13 percent in miscarriages. The impaired ability to get pregnant was 10.2 percent in 1994, as reported by the National Center for Health Statistics.
Understanding Your Body:
The Female Reproductive System
The female reproductive system consists of those organs that allow for procreation. These include the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus and vagina. They create an environment suitable for the delivery of sperm to a mature egg, they allow fertilization to occur, and they provide nutrition for the growing fetus.
The reproductive system is like a symphony. It has different sections – the strings, percussion and horns. Each section must begin to play right on cue for a contada to result. Every part of the reproductive system must be ready for fertility/conception to occur. As with a symphony, in the reproductive system, timing is everything. If ovulation and the physiological processes that influence conception are functioning properly, the information and tools offered in this section will help you in your journey to pregnancy.
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Getting pregnant is one thing, but another important thing that you should set in your mind is carrying the pregnancy to term, without losing it.
Women are not aware that the time of implantation into the lining of the uterine plays a significant role in pregnancy loss.
Generally, implantation occurs on the 7th day after the ovulation period. But, new studies revealed that this was a rare case.
A very sensitive pregnancy test was performed to accurately determine the day of implantation, thus comparing the HCG measurement to ovulation.
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Many couples who have successfully become parents find themselves unable to have another baby. The experience of “secondary infertility” is described by many of those that are going through it as feeling like they don’t “fit” – in either the fertile or the infertile world. It may become difficult to believe that anyone understands what you’re going through or that you even have a right to feel the way you do. For those who have been fortunate to have two, three, four children without difficulty, it will be hard at times for them to understand why if you could conceive once you couldn’t just do it again. And the couples that can’ t even have one child of their own may leave you feeling like you should just be thankful that you have a child. In the meantime, while the world continues to go on around you, your heart is breaking and you’re just not sure whom to turn to.
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So you have two boys and are looking for a girl to cuddle. Maybe you have three girls and are looking for a bit of testosterone in the house to even things out. Perhaps the idea of the “balanced” family appeals to you: one girl, one boy. Whatever the reason, the idea of choosing the gender of your next child can be appealing.
Some couples choose the scientific route: gender selection done in a lab by separating the male and female sperm, sorting them by the weight of the DNA. This new technique offers an 85 percent chance of conceiving a girl and a 65 percent chance of conceiving a boy. Ethical and cost considerations generally lead couples who want to have some influence over the gender of their future child to more natural, less high-tech solutions.
You may not realize this, but your body can “tell” you when it is most fertile. Little clues can let you know when ovulation is about to occur. One of the simplest indicators of ovulation is the quantity and consistency of cervical mucus. The cervical mucus actually becomes thinner and stringy around the time of ovulation. It does this in order to allow easy passage of sperm through the cervix and then to the fallopian tubes. The mucus thins in response to high levels of estrogen, which are present immediately prior to ovulation.
Infertility occurs when there is an abnormality in the reproductive system that damaged one of the body’s basic functions: the conception of children.
A couple can be determined to be infertile if the woman is not able to conceive a child after 12 months of well-timed and unprotected sex or if she has been unable to get pregnant despite trying for one year.
Female infertility can be determined if the infertility case of a couple is related to factors associated with the condition of women rather than men. In most cases, ovulation problem is what accounts for infertility in women.
About 10% to 15% of all cases of infertility are due to ovulation problems. Irregular menstrual period or absences of menstrual period are the common signs of ovulation problem.
Some common factors, like diet, stress, or over fatigue, can also affect women’s hormonal balance.
The age of a female affects fertility. The genetic factor is also important. The eggs in the ovary of menopausal women are not strong enough to be developed and ovulated.
In such a case they are not capable of being fertilized. Genetically deficient ovaries can be barren. The ovarian follicles are unable to develop eggs for ovulation.
High levels of FSH or follicle stimulating hormones above the level of 12 mcg/ml show that the ovary may belong to a female who is menopausal or perimenopausal.
The eggs can be measured for their capability for development, ovulation, and fertility. This test is called the clomiphene citrate challenge. Fertility rates for women who fail this test are very poor.
One fertility measure is to treat with Clomid (clomiphene citrate). The Clomid subdues the level of estrogen prompting the hypothalamus to produce more gonadotropin towards the pituitary gland to compel it to produce more FSH.
If such a measure will not induce ovulation, FSH can be introduced invasively.
Donor eggs for the ovaries are also used to promote fertility. In the end lifestyle changes and medication can be used to treat ovulation irregularities and enhance fertility.
For women who are unsure of when they ovulate, keeping a basal temperature chart for several cycles may help predict the expected time of ovulation based upon the chart’s historical perspective. Basal temperature charts can help determine the expected mid cycle point, or time of anticipated LH surge, in order to determine when to start testing with an ovulation prediction kit.
The basal body temperature is one’s temperature upon waking up. The woman takes her basal temperature first thing in the morning before getting up and doing any other activity. The reading on the basal thermometer is recorded on a chart. By recording daily basal temperature readings on a chart for two or more months, a couple can gain historical perspective of the female’s time of ovulation within each cycle.
Planning Pregnancy According to Time and Days.
Getting pregnant is tied to the state of ovulation in the femme womb. To preparing to get pregnant and to inviting a higher success rate, there are logical steps that can be followed in sex. Pregnancy can be planned according to the next steps.
A woman would be keeping track of her regular menstrual cycle. Taking such as a reference point, the period when ovulation is happening can be predicted. Talk to your betrothed and confide in him or her about the game plan on how to get pregnant.
The rule of thumb using this plan is to use two weeks as a measure. Two weeks or 14 days before the onset of the menstrual cycle is the richest season to plant the seed of pregnancy with the spouse who is trying to conceive.
Timing Intercourse and Ovulation for Conception!
Knowing the right timing or schedule would indicate your chances of hitting the matured egg. All women differ from one another and have different menstrual cycles. One may find it easy to conceive and the other may find it difficult.
Remember, you have to have a chart to monitor this and your fertility signs can be tremendously useful in the analysis and resolution of fertility issues, like problems with ovulation, which is the number 1 fertility issue in women.
Usually, a woman’s menstrual cycle is 28 days but still normal at 31 days.
Ovulation takes place on the 11th to 12th day after menstruation. This is the peak where the couple should have an intercourse.
In your 20s, you are probably at your most fertile. Your chances of becoming pregnant each month are roughly 20 percent, and the miscarriage rate is its lowest — 9.5 percent. Despite the fact that you may be physically ready for a child, you may be less stable in your career or relationship in your 20s, and having a baby may add significant stress to your life.
In your 30s, your fertility begins to decline a bit, and the miscarriage rate increases slightly, as do your chances of having a child with Down syndrome or another chromosomal abnormality. At the same time, if you are married or have a partner, your relationship may be more stable, and your career and financial situation more secure.
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